Navaratri (Sanskrit: नवरात्रि, नऊ रात्र), also called Navratri or Navaratri, is a Hindu festival of nine nights (and ten days), which is celebrated every year in the Tamil month of Purnatasi (17th September to 17th October) .
It is celebrated differently in different parts of the Indian subcontinent. There are two seasonal navratras in a year. In this month this festival is called Sharda Navaratri, which is celebrated for the Goddess Durga.
This was the famous festival of India. In India, Goddess Durga fights and buffalo monsters conquer Mahishasur to help restore religion.
Festivals include stage decoration, repetition of legend, implementation of the story and chanting of scriptures of Hinduism. Nine days is also a major seasonal and cultural program, and is a public celebration of classical and folk dances of Hindu culture.
The last day is called Vijaya Dashmi or Dusshera, idols are either immersed in water bodies like river and sea, or alternatively an emblem of evil is burned with fireworks marking the destruction of evil.
Dates and celebrations
According to some Hindu texts like Shakti and Vaishnava Puranas, Navaratri comes in principle two or four times a year. Of these, Sharada Navaratri is celebrated most near the Autumn Equinox (September-October) and Vasant Navaratri near the spring equinox (March-April) is the most important for the Indian subcontinent culture. In all cases, Navaratri comes in the bright half of Hindu luni-solar months. The festivals are different in this region, which leave the creativity and preferences of the Hindu.
Sharda Navratri: The most celebrated among the four navratras, which is called Sharada, which means Sharad. It is celebrated in Ashwin’s moon month (after monsoon, September-October). In many areas, the festival falls during the autumn harvest, and during the harvest of others.
Vasant Navaratri: The second most famous, after the name of spring, which means spring. It is celebrated in the lunar month of Chaitra (after March, March-April). In many areas, the festival comes during the spring harvest, and others during the harvest.
Magh Navaratri: In Magh (January-February), winter season. The fifth day of this festival is often celebrated as Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami, in the Hindu tradition, the official beginning of the spring in which Goddess Saraswati is honored with art, music, writing, kite flying. In some areas, the god of Hindu love, Kamdev is worshipful.
Ashadh Navaratri: In Ashadh (June-July), the beginning of the monsoon season.
Sharda Navaratri begins on the first day of the bright fortnight of the Ashwini (Pratipada) on the first day of the month. This festival is celebrated every year for nine nights a year, which usually falls in the Gregorian months of September and October.
The exact dates of the festival are determined according to Hindu Luni-Solar Calendar, and occasionally this festival can be organized for one day or even less on the basis of the movement of the Sun and Moon and the leap year.
This festival is beyond Goddess Durga and Lord Rama. Various other deities like Saraswati and Deities like Lakshmi, Ganesh, Kartikeya, Shiva and Krishna are reverentically revered.
For example, during Navratri, a remarkable all-Hindu tradition, through the Ayodhya Puja, is the worship of the Hindu Goddess Saraswati of knowledge, education, music and art. On this day, after the victory of evil through Durga or Rama, usually on the ninth day of Navaratri, peace and knowledge is celebrated.
To present Saraswati, the warriors thank their weapons, decorate and worship them. Musicians play their instruments, play and pray to them. People like farmers, carpenters, smiths, pottery makers, shopkeepers, and many kinds of trade similarly decorate and worship their tools, machinery and trade instruments. Students meet their teachers, express their respect and take their blessings. This tradition is especially strong in South India, but is also seen elsewhere.
Navaratri, which begins on the first day of the month with “Ashvayujam” and ends on the tenth day, which is the ‘Dasami’ of the same moon month.
Vijaya / Vijayam in Sanskrit means ‘victory’.
Navaratri ri symbolizes the victory of good on evil “. There are two wins which are the sign of this festival.
Durga Devi slaughtered the monster who killed Mahishasura.
Ram killed Ravana, who kidnapped Sita.
These two victories are celebrated on the tenth day of Navratri.
Navaratri power is also a symbol of women power ‘.
Navaratri is celebrated in different states of India in different ways.
But the interesting aspect of this festival is that girls and boys (even adults) bring forth the hidden talents. This performance is art or non-performing arts. I will tell about these art forms in each state.
1. In Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala it is celebrated with the performances of dolls and statues in phases for nine days. It is called ‘Kolu’, ‘Bombay Habba’, ‘Bommai Kolu’ or ‘Bommala Koluvu’ in Tamil, Kannada, Shamali and Telugu respectively.
Although some dolls are purchased, most ‘theme based’ displays are hand-made. Hence, ‘Making doll’ and ‘painting’ arts are brought to these Bomala Coles.
I have told it in detail in detail that what you like about the Dussehra festival, and why?
Here’s what a typical Bommala Koluvu looks like (this is in our home in USA)
2. In some parts of the A.P., a dance is performed on the streets, which is called ‘Puli Vasham’. Men are dressed like tigers and dance with full energy. This is one of the performing arts, which is gradually disappearing.
3. In Telangana, this festival is celebrated as “Batukamma Panduaga”. I have written in detail about the story behind this festival and how it is celebrated. What is the story behind the Bathukamma festival of Telangana?
During this celebration, girls get a great opportunity to showcase their ‘flower decorating skills’.
4. In the northeast of India, this festival is celebrated as “Durga Puja”. Artists show their excellent skills in making ‘pendal’, each one is unique in its own right.
Creating statues of “Durga Mata” is another art, which is displayed during this festival. Material fades from fenugreek to wood and fiber glass to ice.
5. In Tirupati, Chittorgarh district of Andhra Pradesh, ‘Brahmotsavam’ is celebrated in these nine days. Lord Srinivasan, with his two wives, brings procession every day on different chariots. You can see the crowd.
6. The northern part of this festival is celebrated as ‘Ram Leela’. The huge images of Ram, Kumbhakarna and Magnada are made and taken on the procession. In the evening, the shape of Ravana is set on fire, which indicates the destruction of evil. Creating these big figures is an art.
7. In Gujarat, this festival is celebrated by performing a dance form ‘Garba’. It is an outstanding performance style of dance.
8. In Mysore: The elephant’s royal procession is worth seeing on the last day of “Chamundeswari” gold umbrella.
9. In Kullu: This is a royal flagship festival in which “Lord Raghunath” with the devotees takes idols on their heads as an active part of their procession.
10. In Varanasi: Beautiful landscape of “Aarti” can be seen on the banks of the Ganges. The festival is celebrated for ten days in this ancient spiritual place.
So does Navaratri festival make special?
unity in diversity
Opportunity to display hidden talents
PS: If I have left any part of India, please point me in the comments section.
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