Golu – The Festival Of Dolls Celebrated During Navratri In South India

Golu is a celebration of dolls and idols in South India during the season of autumn festivals, especially around the multi-night Navaratri (Dussehra, Dussehra) of Hinduism. These performances are usually thematic, describing a narrative from a Hindu text or a secular cultural issue. They are also known as Kolu, Gombe Habba, Bommai Kolu or Bomala Koluvu.

Each displayed object in the Golu display is sometimes called a Golu doll or equivalent. These are usually made by rural artisans from clay and local materials and then dyed brightly. They are usually arranged in an odd number of pedis (teers) to tell a story. Topics related to the Goddess are common, as well as events such as anticipated marriages within family and friends. During the Golu performance season, families go on Golu performances to watch gifts and chola-chat with each other, share festive foods, and occasionally play music or sing devotional songs together Huh. Major Hindu temples such as the Meenakshi Temple display elaborate Golu for Navratri every year. Golu performances are particularly popular in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and among their migrant communities.

The popular Indian festival of Navaratri (or Navaratri / Navaratri) is about to begin and I list some traditions and importance with useful and interesting recipes in a new series on my blog, “Navratri, Fasting and Treating” Have been Everything in between “. The first part of the series is on Golu’s custom of South India: Navratri Golu and how to keep it. I hope it will be useful for first time Golu keepers, or Bomma for Navratri for a few years. To practice Kolu (or Golu) is interested in learning more about the importance and arranging dolls according to traditional customs.

When should Navratri Kolu / Golu in 2019?

This year, Mahalaya Amavasai is on 28 September 2019 from 03.46 am to 11.56 pm on 28 September 2018 (for Chennai, from Tamil Panchangam).
Here is a quick timetable for Chennai. To find the date and time for Mahalaya Amavasya, you will need to check the almanac for your city / country, and extrapolate the time table accordingly. Examine Rahu Kalam and Yama Gandam so that they can be avoided for various activities.

I would like to add here that all the information in this post on Navratri Golu and How to Keep is either from the traditions that are followed in my family, or is left from reading many texts related to Hindu festival traditions. I do not claim to be an expert, but have tried to locate as many sources as possible. I will now dive straight in to follow the procedures and tell you about the background.

Action Point 1: Mullipari for Navratri Golu and how to keep it

Sowing seeds / grains / legumes for Mullaipari, at least 3-4 days before Navratri starts. First wash the seeds / grains and soak them in enough water to cover them adequately, soaking them overnight. Take a clean tray or plate (try to keep someone dedicated for this purpose, or at least one plate that has not been used to eat food. Spread clean sand or mud on it. Sprout in circles within one Sprinkle grains to be. Cover lightly with a layer of sand or clay. Sprinkle water at least once a day, and twice if the soil is drying.

For the next 3 days, keep the tray in the sun for half a day and then in a dark shady place (indoors) for the rest of the day. Soon you should be able to find green grass sprouts around the tray. I have only sown fenugreek (vegium) seeds, mustard and sesame seeds today, which will (hopefully!) Sprout quickly, and place them in front of Golu to symbolize mulipari and suppress the goddess for prosperity and growth.

Traditional cereals / beans:

  1. keppai or kizhavaragu or finger millet or ragi
  2. Mochai Kottai or Mocha Payuru or Hyacinth Beans. In some contexts I found that avrai or field beans or broad beans are used
  3. Theta Peruru or Blackened Beans or Karamani or Cowpeas
  4. Ulutham paruppu (with full skin) or urad dal or black gram
  5. Kadalai Paruppu or Chick Peas or Banglagram
  6. Nellu or Rice
  7. Tuvarai or Tuvaram Paruppu or Pigeon Pea Dal either Tovar or Tur dal
  8. Raw perau or green gram or sago moong
  9. Godumai or grain of wheat. Among the texts that I have mentioned, barley, kadugu (mustard, rye), vanjiyam (mendium, fenugreek, fenugreek), cholam (jowar, sorbet), eelu (sesame seeds), and many other grains / seeds are mentioned. , Red millet (kambu, millet or pearl millet), kollu (horse gram).

I found a suitable explanation as to why Navadhanyam differed in the Hindu texts as there were differences in the crops grown in different regions. It seems that there was also a method for arranging grains. If you have more information about ordering cereals / legumes, please add a comment and I will update the post, in the interest of keeping it as authentic as possible. As far as I know, ragi (finger millet) is on the outermost circle, followed by dry broad beans (mochai) and blackhead beans, and then urad dal and other grains / legumes.

Background: Mulipari refers to the nine grains (Navadhanayam) sprouted in a dedicated pot or vessel. Traditionally in rural Tamil Nadu, grains were grown in earthen pots kept in the village temple and carried on their heads by village women in a procession on the last day of Navratri, in which soil and grain dissolved in river water. Used to go

The custom, as I understand it, is to suppress the goddess for rain and fertility as well as prosperity for the land. There are some interesting stories of sowing of grains and beans related to Pandavas and Krishna, but I am not going into them because now this article is about Navratri Golu and how to keep it!

Nine grains / beans are also associated with the Navagrahas, which are as follows:

  • Godumai or wheat for suriyaman or sun
  • Nellu or rice paddy for Chandran or Moon
  • Sevavai or Mars or Tuvaram for Mars
  • Pachai paruppu or greengram (moong) for budhan or mercury
  • Kadalai Paruppu or Chana Dal for Guru or Brahaspati or Jupiter
  • White beans or broad beans for Shukra or Venus
  • Alu or black sesame or sesame for saturn or saturn
  • Ulundu or black gram or urad for Rahu
  • Kollu or horse gram for kethu

Action Point 2 in Navratri Golu and how to keep it: setting steps

Golu signifies that there will be an appearance in the divinity house during Navratri, so clean the house and worship utensils and idols, paintings before Navratri begins. The feet of Bomma Kolu are to be established at Mahalaya Ammavas, which is the new moon day in the Tamil month of Purutasi (Ashwin in the North Indian calendar). The Moon will be in ascending (waxing mode) from this time till Pournami. Goddess Durga is believed to have descended on earth on this day in response to prayers from the devotees.

For Golu, nine steps are placed or otherwise arranged in 3, 5, 7, steps, that is, only an odd number, and more than one and usually no more than 9. The popular version of the significance of the 9 stages is that they represent the second 9 Navagraha.

Traditionally, the top most phase will be shorter in length than its bottom, and similarly the bottom phase which is the longest. The steps will all be of the same width, however. While you are staying away from India, it may not be possible to set the steps of the uniform (in India you can buy ready-made steps or racks suitable for Bomma Kollu) and you might be able to find tables of different sizes. And will do with cabinets. Length.

It is customary to step against a wall (a corner would be great to support from two sides) so that the dolls face east or otherwise north. The Golu is not usually kept facing south. Once the steps are arranged, wrap them completely with a clean cloth-dhoti or saree or other suitable cloth (a supernatural cloth reserved for use every year).

Action Point 3 in Navratri Golu and how to keep it: Navratri Kaalsam and how to fill it

After the stage is established, the Navratri Kaalsam is kept late in the evening at Mahalaya Ammavasa, while the doll is kept the next morning. This custom varies from house to house. In some, a pair of Marapachi Bommai (traditional wooden dolls) is placed on the stand instead of placing the first urn. Some follow the custom of keeping the doll on the same night, i.e. once the stand is set up. Some people place the doll first and then tomorrow morning (after Amavasai) and Kalasham is placed once in the Kalash. navarathri golu rules in tamil

Worship with Naivedyam starts from the morning when the doll is arranged. Again there are different customs on how to keep Navaratri Kalash or Kumbh. One is to fill an oval brass vessel (a sobu) up to the neck with rice and lentils (Thoraram Paruppu). Put some coins in the rice, navratri golu place a stick of turmeric on it. Place the mango leaves in the mouth, tuck the ends in the rice, and top it with a coconut with turmeric and kumkum.

The coconut is kept intact during the nine days of the festival. In some customs, a silver or other metal face of the goddess is tied in front of the coconut, and a red silk cloth or piece of blouse is placed over the coconut, which falls on either side of the kalasam. Or a piece of silk fabric or blouse can be tied around the kalsam.

In some traditions, the pot is filled with water (instead of rice), with pieces of turmeric as well as things like cardamom, cloves, vetiver root or sandalwood. Coins are poured into the pot. Golu dolls A piece of camphor will help keep the water fresh for a period of 9 days. Coconuts are also placed in the mouth along with mango leaves. The vessel is placed on a brass plate of rice clotted with turmeric powder and kumkum powder. Kalasham can be decorated with ornaments.

Background: Kalam is a traditional part of Hindu festivals and rituals and is considered auspicious. Benefits of keeping golu. Its purpose is to represent the Mother Goddess. Water in the pot is said to symbolize the source of life and is worshiped with shlokas and Vedic mantras during worship.

Coconut is extracted from the coconut tree which can be used every part, which symbolizes the qualities of giving and selflessness. when to keep golu in 2019. Mango leaves are again found in every festival, it is said to have medicinal purposes: the tips that reach into the water in the pot are believed to transfer some of their antioxidant properties, while the surface of the leaves isĀ  carbon from the atmosphere. Absorbs dioxide.

Action Point 4 in Navratri Golu and how to keep it: How to arrange Bombay Kolu or doll on Golu:

The nine stages for Navratri Kolu are said to represent the development from the life of the ‘lower’ animals to the divine. One version is that these are the 9 stages to attain salvation (as usual there are many interpretations). when to remove golu 2019.

If you are taking 3 or 5 or 7 steps, reduce the number for each type below, but follow the descending order. Dolls and toys depicting any subject can be placed on the side of the Golu stand or even on a step. If you don’t have enough Golu dolls, don’t worry but start with whatever is available, including your children’s toys, and keep adding new dolls each year, as is customary.

Steps 1-3 for the gods

Step 1: The uppermost stage: Kalsam in the center, often with a mirror behind it to reflect it. Statues of Gods: Ganesh, Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma, Parvati, Durga, Mahishasuramardini, Saraswati, Mahalakshmi, Hanuman, Murugan etc. arranged in front and on both sides of the Kalash. Some customs require a kalsum that should be placed in front of the Golu stand and not on it, but is usually placed at the center of the uppermost stage. how to grow plants for golu.

Step 2: Ashtalakshmi with various forms of Mahalakshmi. The suggested order in this is Adi Lakshmi, Dhan Lakshmi, Dhira Lakshmi, Gaja Lakshmi, Santhana Lakshmi, Vijaya Lakshmi, Vidya Lakha and Dhata Lakshmi.

Marapachi Bommai is also placed on the move, although some customs place it on the top shelf with kalsam. They are a doll, a male and a female figure, made of a medicinal wood. In olden times these two dolls are said to represent the king and queen, and traditionally a pair (usually an inheritance) is given to a bride at her wedding and handed over to the next generation.

Step 3: The incarnations of gods like Rama, Krishna, Dashavatharam etc., to show the 10 incarnations of Vishnu to Dashavataram are: Matsya (fish), Kurma (tortoise), Varaha (var), Narasimhan (half) lion half man). , Vamana (with an umbrella), Parashurama (with an ax), Balarama (from the plow), Rama, Sri Krishna and Kalki, more or less following the path of development (from fish to humans)

Step 4-6 for Human

Step 4: Alvars, Nayanmars, Saints and Gurus like Shankaracharya, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Swami Vivekananda, Meera Bai. Navagrahas are also usually kept in this phase.

Step 5: Famous persons from all over the world including respected persons like Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji and other freedom fighters, Tyagaraja, Thiruvalluvar and other poets, musicians, philosophers and musicians.

Step 6: Dolls showing human activity and action, symbolizing day-to-day functioning: musicians, artisans, farmers, temples and devotees, villagers, bands, soldiers, wedding processions, sportsmen, etc. The Chettiar couple is kept in the center with rice, salt, lentils. Fruits in front of his ‘shop’, depiction of intelligent humans and tribute to merchants.

7-9 steps to the animal world

Step 7: Animals

Step 8: Birdstep 9: Insects and reptiles / reptiles, and plants

Action Point 5 and How to Keep It in Navratri Golu: Kolam, Deepam and Naivedyam. Navarathri golu 2019 dates

After the Kalsam is placed and the doll is arranged, it is the time for Kollam or Rangoli. It is to be pulled in front of the Kolu stand. Colm is prepared from rice flour and can be a simple one or as complex as you want to make it or fill it with colors. Kollam is usually cleaned and drawn every day. Kalasham and mango leaves are not replaced during nine days.

Next, set two lamps, if available, one on either side of Kollam, Kuthu Wilku. Naivedyam is offered to the deities by lighting a lamp every day. Traditionally, this is done twice a day. Naivedyam can be a fruit or payasam or even a rice dish for the morning, which can be served later as a lunch or for a school tiffin box. navarathri golu 2019 dates

Sundal and a dessert are usually prasadam in the evening. Fruits can be offered instead of cooked prasadam. Often a different type of trough is made on each of the nine days. (Click on the link for Part 2 of this series: Easy Navratri Naivedyam and Beautiful Recipes)

As you may know that in South India, the 9-day festival of Navratri is to celebrate the 9 forms of the Goddess. The first 3 days are devoted to the worship of Durga, the next 3 days to the worship of Lakshmi and the last 3 days to the worship of Saraswati. It concludes with Saraswati Puja on Navami and Vijayadashami is celebrated on the 10th or Dashami.

How to remove / forget Navratri Golu:

Some friends have asked me how to remove Navratri Golu, are there any rules for this? Well there are some customs for this too! Traditionally, on the evening of Vijayadashami or Dussehra, i.e. after the 10th day of Navratri, we are naivedyam (it can also be simple fruit, if you are not able to prepare ripe naivedyam).

Once this is done, the kalma is symbolically shifted northward / now in the stage it is placed. At least one doll is laid down as if it is put to sleep. After this Golu can be asked to close and can be removed or removed the next day. If you have rice or lentils in the urn or the plate in which it is placed, the same can be used to make food such as ven-pongal. Coconut can also be used in cooking, if it is fresh. If there is water in the urn, it can be dumped in a nearby garden or roadside tree.

Usually, Golu is not removed on Friday or Tuesday. If the day after Dashami falls on Friday or Tuesday, then Golu is taken out on the evening of Dashami. Some believe that it is best to put at least one doll to sleep (laying it down) after Naivedyam in the morning of Dashami, and then leave Golu in the evening.

I have not received more information about this, but will continue to add more information about it soon. This article is just on Navratri Golu and how to keep it. The festival is celebrated in different ways in other parts of India and I will describe them in further posts. saraswathi pooja holidays 2019.

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