What is the history of Holi?
Krishna Katha In the Braj region of India, where the Hindu god Krishna grew up, in the memory of Radha’s divine love for Krishna, the festival is celebrated to Rangapanchami. In the spring the festival begins officially, Holi is celebrated as a festival of love.
Holi (/ ʊhoʊliː /; Sanskrit: Holi Holi) is a Hindu spring festival, originated from the Indian subcontinent, which is celebrated mainly in India and Nepal, but through the medium of migrant Indians in Asia and other parts of the Western world Is spread from The Indian subcontinent, also called “festival of colors” or “festival of love” The festival symbolizes the victory of good on evil, the arrival of spring, the end of winter and on many festivals, meeting others, playing and laughing, forgetting and forgiving and improving broken relationships.
It is also celebrated as a thanks for good crop. It starts from the evening of Purnima (full moon day) falling in the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar month of Phalgun, which runs for one night and one day, which falls somewhere between the end of February and mid-March in the Gregorian calendar. The first day is known as Holika Dahan (known as the demon hollika) or the small holi and on the next day it is known as Holi, Parnhali Holi, Dhulati, Dhulandi, or Phagava.
Celebrating Holi in Haridwar
Holi is an ancient Hindu religious festival which has become popular with non-Hindus as well as other communities in Asia, in many parts of South Asia. In addition to India and Nepal, the festival is celebrated by Indian subcontinent migrants in countries like Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Mauritius, and Fiji. In recent years, this festival has spread to parts of Europe and North America in the form of festive and festive and color festivals.
Holi starts with Holika the day before Holi, where people gather, do religious rituals in front of the bonfire, and pray that their inner evil should be destroyed, just as the hulika, the monster Sister of King Hiranyakashipu was killed in fire.
The next morning the color is celebrated as Holi – a free festival of colors, where people dampen each other with colors and feed each other to sweets. Water guns and balloons filled with water are also used to play and color each other. Any and everyone is fair play, friend or stranger, rich or poor, man or woman, child and elderly.
Conflicts with colors and battles are out of roads, open parks, temples and buildings. Groups carry drums and other musical instruments, go from one place to another, sing and dance. People go to meet families, friends and enemies and throw colorful powder on each other, laugh and gossip, then share Holi’s recipes, food and drink. Some customary drinks include cannabis (made from cannabis), which are intoxicants. In the evening, after getting up all morning, people wear clothes and visit friends and family.
History of holi
Holi is an ancient festival of India and was originally known as ‘Holika’. In festivals, detailed descriptions are found in early religious works such as Jamini’s Puravamimansa-Sutra and Katha-Planet Sutras. Historians also believe that Holi was celebrated by all Aryans, but there was such a lot in the eastern part of India.
It is said that Holi was in existence many centuries before Jesus. However, the meaning of the festival has changed over the years. Earlier it was a special ritual for married women to the happiness and prosperity of their families and full moon (Raka) was worshiped.
Calculation of holi day
There are two ways to re-calculate a moon month- ‘Purnimant’ and ‘Amanta’. In the past, the first day starts after the full moon; And later, after the new moon. However, the calculation of Amanta is now more common, but the full moon was very prevalent in earlier days.
According to this full-length calculation, Falgun was the last day of the full moon year and the beginning of the new year begins with spring-season (with spring from next day). Thus Holika’s Purnima festival became a mirage book declaring the beginning of spring gradually. It probably explains the names of this festival – Vasant-Mahotsav and Kama-Mahotsav
References in ancient texts and inscriptions
Apart from having detailed descriptions in Vedas and Puranas like Narada Purana and Bhav Purana, the festival of Holi is mentioned in the Gemini Memamansa. The upliftment of a 300-year-old stone found in Ramgarh in the Vindhya province has mentioned Holikotsav on this. King Harsh also mentioned about Holikotsav in his work Ratnavali which was written during the 7th century.
Famous Muslim tourists – Uluberuni also mentioned about Holikotsava in its historical memories. Other Muslim writers of that period have mentioned that Holikotsava was celebrated not only by Hindus but also by Muslims.
References in ancient paintings and murals
On the festival of Holi, there is also a reference in the statues on the walls of the old temples. In a temple in Vijayanagar’s capital Hampi, a 16th Century panel is inscribed in a temple, which reflects the delightful view of Holi. In the painting, a prince and his princess have been seen standing with stairs or pavilions standing with maids, which are meant to immerse the royal couple in colorful water.
16th Century Ahmadnagar painting is on the subject of Vasant Ragini – Vasant songs or music. This is showing a royal couple sitting on a grand swing, while the women are playing music and spraying colors with pichakariyas.
There are many other paintings and murals in the temples of medieval India which provide a graphical description of Holi. For example, a Mewar painting (about 1755) shows Maharana with his courtiers. While the ruler is giving gifts to some people, a sweet dance continues and there is a tank filled with colored water at the center. Apart from this, a boondi miniature shows that a king was sitting on a Tusker and some dalmels above the balcony are gourd (colorful powder) on it.
Legends and Puranas
In some parts of India, especially in Bengal and Orissa, Holi Purnima is celebrated as the birthday of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (A.D. 1486-1533). However, the word ‘holi’ literally means ‘burning’. There are various legends to explain the meaning of this word, the most important of which is the legend associated with Demon King Hiranyakashyap.
Hiranyakashyap wanted everyone in his kingdom to worship only him but due to his great disappointment his son Prahlad became a devotee of Lord Narayana. Hiranyakaship ordered his sister Holika to enter the flaming fire with Prahlad in her lap. Holika received a boon by which she could enter the fire without any harm.
However, he was not aware that the boon only works when he enters the fire alone. As a result, he paid a price for his appalling desires, while Prahlad was saved from God’s grace for his excessive devotion. Therefore, the festival celebrates the victory of good over evil and the victory of devotion.
The legend of Lord Krishna is also associated with playing colors, because God started the tradition of playing colors by coloring his beloved Radha and other gopis. Gradually, this drama gained popularity with the people and became a tradition.
Some other legends related to the festival are also – like the story of Shiva and Kamdev and Dhad Dhundi and Pootna. All show the victory of good over evil – lending a philosophy to the festival.
History of Holi celebrations
Holi celebration is very ancient in its origin. And at its core, it celebrates a final victory of ‘goodness’ above ‘evil’. Whereas, the festival of colors associated with holi is the face of this festival, the root cause of celebrating Holi lies in its soul. And it gives us ‘why’ of this ancient festival.
Indeed “Holi” symbolizes “burning” in Indian language. But, how it is associated with ‘burning’, this is a story. The reference is only found in ancient Indian mythology. And this is the story of Hiranyakashipu, which is related to the festival of Holi.
Back in the pre-Christian era, there was a monster king named Hiranyakshyap in ancient India. He wanted to take revenge for the death of his younger brother. Brother, a demon too, was killed by Lord Vishnu, who was one of the highest trio, surveillance of life and death in the universe (according to Hindu belief). To take Vishnu, the tyrannical king wanted to become the King of Heaven, Earth and Hell. In order to gain sufficient strength, he prayed for a long period of penance and prayer.
Finally he was given a boon. Powered by the boon, Hiranyakashipu thought that he has become invincible. Arrogant, he ordered everyone in his kingdom to worship him instead of God. However, there was a very young son of the monster king, whose name was Prahlad. He was an enthusiastic devotee of Vishnu. In spite of his father’s orders, Prahlad continued to pray to Vishnu. Therefore, the monster king wanted to kill his son. He asked the side of his sister Holika, who was immune from fire due to a boon.
They planned that Prahalad would be burnt to death. A chita was burnt and the Holika sat on it, and caught Prahalad. Even then, Prahlad finally became unbalanced by the fire, and the Holika, the demon became burned to ashes. Lord dedicates devotion and complete dedication to Prahlad to Lord Vishnu. Thus the representative of the good souls was the victory of Prahlad. And the necklace of Representative Holika’s defeat Later, even the King King Hiranyakashipu was killed by Lord Vishnu.
But that’s quite a different story. Holi has originated from Holika itself. This legend is celebrated on the eve of Holi even today when Chita is burnt again in the form of bonfire. Even today, people celebrate this occasion. On the full moon day of Holi, huge bonfires are burnt every year to burn the spirit of evils. So the story related to the spirit of celebration
Now, we look at its face. How did Holi celebrate the colorful face? Well, it is still linked to another legend, the Legends of Krishna. Even after the very later creation, it was in the pre-Christian era.
According to Hindu belief, Krishna himself was the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It was Krishna, or Krishna, the king of the ancient city of Dwarka, who popularized the tradition of Holi. The origin of the colorful and frolicking tone of Holi lies in Krishna’s boyhood. It all came out as part of his joke, he used to play Gokul and Vrindavan with his boyhood partner. Located in North India, these are the places where they spent their childhood.
At this time of year, Krishna used to do mischief by drinking the girls of the village with water and color. At first it got angry with the girls. But he was so fond of this mischievous boy that his temper soon melted. And, other boys did not take any time to get involved, making it a popular sport in the village. Later, as Krishna grew, the drama assumed a new dimension.
It added more color to Krishna’s mythological love life. The legend of Krishna’s courtship with Radha, and mischief with ‘Gopis’. Gokul’s ‘dairy’ girls were mostly milk-fed, and hence at the local level they were known as Gopis. Through the ages, the same tradition changed it into a community festival.
As the time went on, culture spread to other areas of the country. The Holy Holi is played in hundreds of ancient paintings, murals, statues and scriptures found in the subcontinent.