( Diwali has become big part of hindi culture since Ancient time in India:)
A Few About Diwali:-
The word Diwali comes from the Sanskrit word Deepavali, which means “rows of lighted lamps”.
Diwali, or Deepawali, is the biggest and most important holiday of India of the year. The festival gets its name from the row (avali) of the earthen lamp (Deepa), which Indians light outside their homes which avoids spiritual darkness.
This festival is as important for Hindus as it is for the Christmas holiday for Christians. Over the centuries, Diwali has become a national festival that is also enjoyed by non-Hindu communities.
For example, in Jainism, Diwali marks the nirvana, or spiritual awakening, of Lord Mahavira on October 15, 527 BCE; In Sikhism, it honors the day on which the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind Ji was freed from captivity. Buddhists in India also celebrate Diwali.
Diwali is India’s biggest festival according to the Hindu lunar calendar on 19 October this year. The word itself is derived from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali,” meaning “chain of lamps”, therefore, it is also known as the festival of lights.
Celebrated by millions of people in India and around the world, the festival has regional differences and varies by religion. For example, Sikh and Jainism hold a different significance for this event than Hindus.
For most Hindus, Diwali marks the return of the gods, Rama and Sita to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. To celebrate their return, the villagers lit oil lamps illuminating the way in the dark. For others, the festival is associated with Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity – and her birth on the first day of the 5-day event. Is a holiday celebrated across the world that began in India
It is a harvest festival, but it is also an important religious festival for Hindus, Jains and Sikhs.
Even those who are not related to those three religions celebrate Diwali in India and other places in South Asia. It’s like Thanksgiving and New Year’s Eve!
Diwali is a five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains all over the world: –
Balindra Puja, which for some also coincides with harvest and New Year celebrations, is a festival of new beginnings and the victory of good over evil, and light on darkness. Millions of Hindus around the world celebrate Diwali with gifts, fireworks and festive food.
In India, Diwali is celebrated when the monsoon season ends and the weather is mild and pleasant. People try to pay their old debts, make or buy new clothes and clean their houses thoroughly as part of festival preparations.
The house exteriors are whitewashed and sometimes drawn in white rice flour and designed with color. Buildings are traditionally illuminated with oil-burning bowls known as dip lights, or more recently with wires of artificial lights. People spend time with their friends and family.
On the first day of the festival, people pray, eat a special breakfast containing various food items, and the statue of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi is taken all the way across the procession. Children are sometimes given candy or toys from booths set up for the occasion.
In southern India, children wear garlands of flowers of their heads or bells. In some areas, boys build elaborate earthen palaces and forts and display them for guests to visit. Fireworks occur after dark and people living near the rivers light up lights on small rafts. To add to the festival of Diwali, fairs (fairs) are held all over India. These are found in many towns and villages.
Traditions of Balindra Puja: –
Balindra Puja marks the return of Lord Rama from the exile of fourteen years, the seventh incarnation of Vishnu. Prakashotsav is celebrated on the dark night (first night of Amavasya) in the month of Kartik in the Hindu calendar. Streets and temples across India are decorated with spectacular light displays and colorful garlands.
Learn as Diwali other name: –
It is also known as Lakshmi Pujan, Chopra Pujan, Dev Dwivedi, Sukhasupatika, Kaumudi Mahostavam, Badshah, Balindra Pooja, Karthigai Deepam, Thali Deepavali, Sharda Pujan, Bandi Chhor Divas and Diyari.
Celebration on Lakshmi Pujan: –
Before Diwali, people spend a lot of time cleaning, repairing and decorating houses with colorful rangoli – colorful patterns on the floor. On Diwali, people wear new clothes, apply henna on their hands, light candles and participate in family prayers and then organize delicious food and grandiose of Indian sweets.
Typically, families prepare a variety of delectable sweet and savory treats in various colors and flavors. Popular ones include Laddu, Jalebi, Gulab Jamun and Barfi. Depending on the culture and tradition of the individual, the main feast is often a grand display of culinary skills for the whole family to enjoy.
Chopda Pujan is considered to be the biggest shopping period in India where people mainly shop for new clothes, gifts and gold. Since the festival celebrates Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, any investment or expense is considered auspicious. Last year, it was estimated that Indians spent $ 3.9 billion during Diwali.
On the first day of Diwali (Dhanteras), people prefer to buy gold as it is believed that the precious metal will bring more wealth in the family. In fact, jewelers are expecting good demand and sales growth of around 20-30% during this period.
Sikhs mark the occasion as Bandi Chhor Divas – the day Guru Har Gobind (6th Guru) fled from the prison of the Mughal emperor, Jahangir, and made his way to the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The Jains celebrate Mahavir as the day of remembrance, who attained nirvana on this day. Diwali is also the end of their year.
Ritual and performance: –
Rituals vary by region. However, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are given special blessings to remove obstacles. Goddess Lakshmi is believed to have been created from the churning of the sea, which occurs on the main Bandi Chhor Divas, and brings her prosperity and good fortune to every household during Diwali. It has been said that she visits the cleanest houses first, so people make sure their houses are immaculate before lighting a lamp to invite her. This cleansing is also a symbol of purification of mind to remove negativity, clutter and ignorance.
Small idols of the Goddess are worshiped in people’s homes.
Expected during the Festival: –
Badausar is a family-centered festival. The light makes it a very warm and atmospheric occasion and it is celebrated with great joy and happiness. However, be prepared for very loud noises from fireworks and firecrackers. Fire from the firecrackers also fills the air, which can cause difficulty in breathing.
If you are visiting India during Diwali, keep in mind that this is an extreme travel time for Indians not only during the festival, but also in the subsequent few weeks (due to the king’s school holidays). Trains will be heavily booked and crowded at popular destinations.
It is a good idea to protect your hearing from ear plugs during Diwali, especially if your ears are sensitive. Some crackers are very loud, and sound more like explosions. Noise is very harmful to hearing. If you are in Delhi during Diwali, you might also consider wearing masks as pollution has reached unsafe levels in recent years.