Why is Chhath Puja celebrated? India National Holidays Festival

Chhath Puja – Bihar’s Biggest Festival

Chhath Puja History. What is Chhath Puja and why is it celebrated?

An ancient Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Sun and Chhatiya Maya (which is considered to be the sister of Sun), Chhath Pooja is unique to the country of Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and Nepal.

This is the only Vedic festival which is dedicated to the Sun God, which is the source of all the powers and Chhatra Maya (the second name of goddess Usha since Vedic period).

To promote the wellbeing of people, development, and prosperity, the god of light, energy, and vitality is worshiped. Through this festival, people want to thank the sun god for a period of four days. During this festival, devotees who are fasting are called instinct.

chhath puja image

When is Chhath Puja in 2018 Dates

Day Date Ritual
Sunday 11 November 2018 Nahay Khay
Monday 12 November 2018 Lohanda and Kharna
Tuesday 13 November 2018 Sandhya Argh
Wednesday 14 November 2018 Suryodaya/Usha Argh and Paran

Traditionally, this festival is celebrated twice a year, once in the summer and the second time is celebrated during the winter.

Kartik Choth is celebrated during the month of October or November and it is performed on Kartika Shukla Dam, which is the sixth day of the month of Kartika according to the Hindu Calendar. 6th Day after Diwali is celebrated, another major Hindu festival, it usually comes during the month of October-November.

It is Also Celebrated During The Summer And It is Commonly Known as Chaiti Chhath Puja. It is Celebrated After a Few Days of Holi.

Chhath Pooja is being celebrated in four days this year, from 11th to 14th November 2018, Surya Shastri (main day) was falling on November 13, 2018.

Why is The Festival Named ‘Chhath’?

The meaning of the word Chhath is Nepali or six in Hindi and this festival is celebrated on the sixth day of Kartika, the name of the festival is the same.

Why is Chhath Puja Celebrated?

The dates of the origin of Chhath puja are many stories. It is believed that in ancient times, Chhatra Puja was celebrated by the Pandavas of Duryapadi and Hastinapur to resolve their problems and get back their lost kingdom.

Mantras of Rig Veda texts are chanting while worshiping the sun. As the story goes, this puja was first introduced by the sun son Karna, who ruled the organ country (Bhagalpur in Bihar) during the age of Mahabharata.

History of scientific history or yoga is the date of the early Vedic period. Legend says that the sage and sage of that era used this method to stop any external means of food and to get energy directly from the rays of the sun.

chhath puja festival

The Rituals of Chhath Puja

Chhati Maya, commonly known as Usha, is worshiped in the worship of the younger sister of Sun (in the Vedas) Goddess. There are many rituals in the Chhath festival, which are quite harsh compared to other Hindu festivals.

They usually take a plunge in rivers or water bodies, strict fasting (no one can drink water in the entire process of fasting), standing prayers in water and facing sun for long periods and offering offerings to the sun Sunrise and sunset.

Chhath Festival Begins with Nahay-Khaye

On the first day of worship, devotees have to immerse themselves in the holy river and make proper food for themselves. Kadoo Bhatt with Chana Dal is a common preparation this day and it is cooked using clay or bronze utensils and common wood on the soil stove. Women watching fast can only allow one meal on this day.

Four Days Of Chhath Puja, Lohanda and Kharna Puja Vidhi

On the second day, devotees have to see fast throughout the day, which can break after a short while. Parvaitins cook the whole offerings themselves, which include Kher and Chapati and broke their fast with this offering, after which they have to fast for 36 hours without water.

The Sandhya Arghya (Evening Offering).

On the third day preparing offerings at home and in the evening, the whole house of Vrain goes along the river, where they offer offerings for the establishment of the sun. Females generally wear light yellow saris while they make their offerings. The evening with enthusiastic folk songs is made better

When is Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja 2018 Sandhya Arghya and Usha Arghya

Here, on the last day, all devotees go to the river to offer the rising sun before sunrise. This festival ends when Vratine breaks 36 hours (Paraan), and relatives come to their home for a portion of the offerings.

Food During Chhath Puja 2019

Chhath Prasad is traditionally prepared with rice, wheat, dried fruits, fresh fruits, nuts, jaggery, coconut, and many ghee. One important thing about preparing food during Chhath is that they are fully prepared without salt, onion, and garlic.

Thekua is a special part of Chhath Puja and it is basically a cookie made of whole wheat flour which you should definitely try once you go to the place during the festival.

The Significance of the Chhath Puja

Apart from religious significance, there are also many scientific facts related to these rituals. Devotees generally pray along the river during sunrise or sunset and are scientifically supported with the fact that during solar energy, ultraviolet radiation is the lowest level during this time and it is actually beneficial for the body.

This traditional festival shows you on positivity and helps in detoxifying your brain, soul and body. This powerful sun helps in removing all the negative energy in your body.

Chhath Puja Video Songs Anuradha Paudwal

Here is a video by Bihar Tourism which tells the festival in its entire glory. Enjoy it!


When is Chhath Puja?

Chattar Pooja is celebrated on the sixth day of Kartika’s month in Vikram Samvat, which means that even after the sixth day of Diwali it means.

This festival is dedicated to the Sun God and his wife and is one of the most popular festivals in Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. This is also an important festival in Nepal.

The festival lasts for four days, on the third day generally there is a public holiday in some areas of India.

happy chhath puja

Traditions of Chhath Puja

During the four days, the devotees worship God for giving life on earth and thanking Lord Sun for searching for his blessings and protection. Each day has its activities and rituals:

Chhath Puja begins with that day which is known as Nay Khay. On this first day, devotees take a dip in water and women take only one meal.

On the second day, Kharana or Lohanda is known as devotees who are fast from sunrise to sunset. After worshiping the sun and moon, they prepare Kher (rice pudding), bananas and rice for their family.

After eating the dinners, they fast for 36 hours without water.

The day three is known as the Treaty D or Sandhya Vidya. Fasting is observed on this day and devotees worship the establishment of the sun.

On the day of Usha, on the last day, the fasting is broken after the morning offering in the rising sun.

In the Hindu tradition, the rays of the Sun are very important on the sunrise and there are healing properties and can cure the disease to ensure the health of the family, friends and the elderly. The devotees will pray in the morning in the morning so that the rays will fall in front of them.

In the water named Ghat, some worship steps are made to reach the river. In Delhi alone, the number of ghats runs in hundreds, in which more than 500 Ghats have been installed in 2017 – this shows the popularity of this festival.

Happy Chhath Puja HD

Chhath Puja Holiday 2018

Chhath Puja is an ancient festival celebrated by the Hindus in eastern Indian states and Nepal. It is celebrated to worship the sun god and his wife Usha.

The festival is celebrated for a period of 3 days and the third day is most important. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that apart from ensuring prosperity, longevity, and happiness, there are also medical abilities of the sun.

Calendar of Chhath Puja 2018

Date Day Festival day Occasion
11 November 2018 Sunday Nahay Khay Chaturthi
12 November 2018 Monday Lohanda and Kharna Panchami
13 November 2018 Tuesday Sandhya Arghya Shashthi
14 November 2018 Wednesday Usha Arghya, Parana Day  Saptami

States it is celebrated in
Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh
Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh
Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh
 Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh

Features Of Chhath Puja Special

According to the tradition of Chhath Puja, women have to fast for four consecutive days. Four days ‘Nay Kha’, ‘Lohanda and Khanna’, ‘Sandhya Arogya’ and ‘Usha Arghya’ are. On the first day, ‘Naya Kha’, devotees take a plunge in the body of a river near their area of residence, preferably the Ganga river.

Only one meal is allowed for the women who are fasting for the day. On the second day, women have to fast all day without food or a single drop of water. This day is known as ‘Khanna’. Fasting can be broken after the sun sets. Food is given to the Sun before, after which women are allowed to eat.

On the third day, the fasting of another day should be celebrated, which is called ‘evening health’. On this day, the setting sun is worshiped and prayer is done at ‘Ghat’ (the place where the river body is located). On the fourth day, Usha Arghya, the rising sun is prayed. In the morning, at 2:00 am people are ready to go ‘Ghat’. After praying in the rising sun, women can break their fast.

Chhath Puja In Different States

Chhath Pooja in Bihar: Chhath Puja is the main festival of the residents of Bihar. The Bukagao in Nalanda and the Ulasar Sun Temple in Patna are famous for their special Chhath festival.
Chhath Puja in Uttar Pradesh: Chhath Puja is mainly celebrated in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. A public holiday is celebrated on the eve of the festival in the state.

Chhath Puja in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh: Chhath puja is also celebrated in Madhya India between Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states.

Chhath Puja is one of the most important festivals celebrated in the country and it is also the toughest one. Fasting is a ritual for four days, which fails to celebrate worship by the women of the family.

happy chhath puja festival

Chhath Puja Festival 2018

Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Chhath Puja is one of the religious festivals of India. If you are battling with dates and contemplation while performing Chhath, then it is to inform you that the festival is being celebrated on 13th November 2018 this year. During the four days of Chhath Puja, devotees worship Lord Sun.

Kartika Chhath Puja 2018:

Date Day Event Hindi Tithi
11 November 2018 Sunday Nahay Khay Chaturthi
12 November 2018 Monday Lohanda and Kharna Panchami
13 November 2018 Tuesday Sandhya Arghya Shashthi
14 November 2018 Wednesday Usha Arghya, Parana Day Saptami

Kartika Chhath Puja 2017:

Date Day Event Hindi Tithi
24th October 2017 Tuesday Nahay Khay Chaturthi
25th October 2017 Wednesday Lohanda and Kharna Panchami
26th October 2017 Thursday Sandhya Arghya Shashthi
27th October 2017 Friday Usha Arghya, Parana Day Saptami

Kartika Chhath Puja Date 2016:

Date Day Event Hindi Tithi
4th November 2016 Friday Nahay Khay Chaturthi
5th November 2016 Saturday Lohanda and Kharna Panchami
6th November 2016 Sunday Sandhya Arghya Shashthi
7th November 2016 Monday Usha Arghya, Parana Day Saptami

Kartika Chhath Puja Date 2015:

Date Day Event Hindi Tithi
15th Nov 2015 Sunday Nahay Khay Chaturthi
16th Nov 2015 Monday Lohanda and Kharna Panchami
17th Nov 2015 Tuesday Sandhya Arghya Shashthi
18th Nov 2015 Wednesday Usha Arghya, Parana Day Saptami

During the festival, fasting by women people or married women are celebrated for the welfare of their families and the happiness of family members. This festival is celebrated mainly with treat enthusiasm and fun around Bihar state and Nepal.

happy chhath puja shubh

The festival takes place for four days, the first day of Chhath is said to be eaten. On this day, devotees take a holy dip in water, especially in river Ganga and on this day only take one meal (women who observe fast).

Chaiti Chhath Puja 2018

The second day of the festival is called Kharna. On this day, fasting without any drop of water is observed from sunrise to sunset. Fasting breaks in the evening after sunset, as well as offering food to the Sun God. Fasting begins on the third day after the second day of the feast,

On the third day, one day fast is celebrated without taking water. On the third day, the main day of Chhat Puja is known as Sanjya Ghat. Setting the sun for Arghya is the essence of this day.

It is the only time of year in which people worship the sun and offer Arghya. On the third day, fasting goes all night. The next day of the sunrise begins to cross.

At the fourth place or on the last day of Chhatha, people can give rise to the rising sun, which is called Usha Agargi. After Arghya, 36 hours long fasting has broken.

Leave a Reply