Babu Jagjivan Ram: Education, Family, Fact, and History

Babu Jagjeevan Ram Birthday

Jagjivan Ram (5 April 1906 – 6 July 196), popularly known as Babuji, was an Indian freedom activist and politician from Bihar, who was instrumental in laying the foundations of All India Dabbed-Kuchle class league in 1935. , An organization devoted to achieving equality for untouchables and was elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1937, after which he organized the Rural Labor Movement.

In 1946, he became the youngest minister in the interim government of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first cabinet in the form of labor minister and member of the Constituent Assembly of India, where he ensured that social justice was ensured in the constitution. As a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) he went for more than forty years to serve as a minister with various departments.

Most importantly, he was the Defense Minister of India during the Indo-Pak war of 1971, which resulted in the formation of Bangladesh. His contributions to the Green Revolution in India and modernization of Indian agriculture are remembered as Union Agriculture Minister during his two tenures, especially during the drought of 1974 when he has to keep an additional portfolio to deal with the food crisis. Was said.

Although he supported Prime Minister Indira Gandhi during the Emergency (1975-77), he quit Congress in 1977 and joined the Janata Party coalition, as well as Congress for his democracy. He later served as Deputy Prime Minister of India (1977-79); Then in 1980, he formed the Congress (J).

Early life and education

Jagjivan Ram was born in Chandwa near Arha of Bihar. He had a big brother, Sant Lal and three sisters. His father Sobhi Ram was with the British Indian Army deployed in Peshawar, but later resigned due to some differences, and bought land of Chandan in his native village Chandwa and settled there. He also became the Mahant of Shiv Narayani sect, and due to being proficient in calligraphy, portrayed several books for a locally distributed denomination.

Youth Jagjivan took part in a local school in January 1914. After the death of his father’s death, Jagjivan and his mother Vasanti Devi were left in dire financial condition. He enrolled in Aggarwal Middle School in Agra in 1920, where for the first time the medium of instruction was English, and in 1922 he enrolled in Arrah Town School.

This is where he faced caste discrimination for the first time, yet he was surprised. A frequently quoted incident took place in this school; The school had the tradition of having two water utensils, one for Hindus and one for the other Muslims. Jagjivan drank water from Hindu pot, and because he was from an untouchable class, the information was given to the Principal, who placed a third pot for “untouchables” in school.

Jagjivan broke this vessel twice, until the head decided not to keep the third vessel. A turning point in his life came in 1925, when Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya visited his school and impressed with his welcome speech and invited him to join the Banaras Hindu University.

Jagjivan Ram passed matriculation in first class and joined Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1927, where he was awarded Birla Scholarship, and he passed the Inter-Science Examination. While living in BHU, he organized Scheduled Castes in opposition to social discrimination. [6] As a dalit student, she was deprived of basic services like food in her hostel and haircut by local barbers.

A dirty hairdresser sometimes gets to trim her hair. After all, Jagjivan left BHU and continued his education at the University of Calcutta. Events in BHU made him an atheist. In 2007, BHU established a Babu Jagjivan Ram Chair in his faculty of social science to study caste discrimination and economic backwardness.

He did B.Sc. In 1931, Degree from the University of Calcutta, where he again organized conferences to draw attention to the issues of discrimination, and also participated in the anti-untouchability movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi.

April 5, 1908: Union Minister Babu Jagjivan Ram was born

Freedom Fighter and Dalit leader, Union Minister, Babu Jagjivan Ram was born on 5 April 1908 in Chandwa village of present-day Bhojpur district of Bihar. His father, Shobhi Ram, was in the British Army, but later resigned, bought farm land in Chandwa and settled there.

Jagjivan Ram was sent to the village school but his father died shortly after. However, his mother Vasanti Devi ensured that her education continued.

In 1922, when he enrolled in Arrah Town School, he realized that discrimination with the Dalits is still rife. They opposed the school’s shocking decision to keep separate pitches of water for the so-called ‘shock untouchables’ students.

Later, a meeting with famous nationalist leader Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, who came to visit the school, inspired him.

He went on to study at the prestigious Banaras Hindu University (BHU), and later secured a B.Sc. degree from the Calcutta University. Caste discrimination was unfortunately prevalent in those days in BHU as well. In 2007, when Jagjivan Ram’s daughter Meira Kumar, the then Union Minister for social justice and empowerment, was invited to speak about her father’s days at the BHU — during the inauguration of the Babu Jagjivan Ram Chair — she said that he was even denied haircuts by local barbers.

Political rise

Jagjivan Ram’s successful organisation of a workers’ rally in Calcutta brought him to the attention of leaders like Subhas Chandra Bose. In 1934 Jagjivan Ram was involved with relief work in the aftermath of the Bihar earthquake. In 1935 he was nominated to the Bihar Council. He decided to join the Congress.

His first wife died in 1933. Two years later, he married Indrani Devi, the daughter of a Kanpur-based social worker.

Jagjivan Ram was jailed during the Quit India Movement in the 1940s. A year before Independence he became a minister in the provisional union cabinet. Subsequently he was labour minister in independent India’s first union cabinet under Jawaharlal Nehru.

He later held other cabinet posts such as communications and transport & railways in the Nehru regime.

After Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister, he held several important posts in successive cabinets led by her, including minister for labour, employment, and rehabilitation; minister for food and agriculture; and minister of defence. It was during his tenure as agricultural minister that the Green Revolution took place. India defeated Pakistan in the 1971 war when he was the defence minister.

The renowned agriculture scientist M.S. Swaminathan, who worked closely with Jagjivan Ram, wrote in The Hindu in February 2008: “Babuji [Jagjivan Ram] was deeply concerned with issues of social inclusion in access to new technologies. Felt that small and marginal farmers might not be able to purchase the new seeds and the fertilisers needed for enabling them to realise the full genetic potential for yield of the new strains. Therefore, he initiated the Small and Marginal Farmers and Landless Labour Programmes in order to provide the needed credit and inputs to those who would have otherwise been bypassed by new technologies.”

Babuji’s legacy

In 1977 shortly after Indira Gandhi announced elections, signalling an end to the emergency, Jagjivan Ram, together with a few other politicians, became part of the Janata coalition by forming the Congress for Democracy.

As the historian Ramachandra Guha writes in India After Gandhi: “[Jagjivan] Ram was a lifelong Congressman, a prominent minister in Nehru’s and Indira Gandhi’s Cabinets and — most crucially — the acknowledged leader of the Scheduled Castes. . . . It was [Jagjivan] Ram who had moved the resolution in the Lok Sabha endorsing the emergency. His resignation came as a shock to the Congress, and as a harbinger of things to come. For Babuji was renowned for his political acumen; that he chose to leave the Congress was widely taken as a sign that this ship was, if not yet sinking, then leaking very badly indeed.”

Between March 1977 and August 1979, Jagjivan Ram was the Deputy Prime Minister in India’s first non-Congress government. But he didn’t get the country’s top job. “There is little doubt that Babuji provided the fatal blow to the Emergency regime. Not surprisingly, he was the frontrunner to the prime minister’s post,” Ajay Bose wrote in the Outlook magazine in May 2010. “But he was thwarted at the last moment by a powerful lobby led by peasant patriarch Charan Singh. . . .”

By the time Jagjivan Ram died (on 6 July 1986), the political fortunes of another powerful Dalit leader — Kanshi Ram — were on the rise. But Kanshi Ram’s Bahujan Samaj Party sought to, at least in its initial years, distance itself from the legacy of the tallest Dalit leader of the Congress.

As a dedicated Congress member for most of his life and by virtue of the important ministerial posts he held, Babu Jagjivan Ram occupies a unique position in the arc of Dalit political mobilisation that spreads from Ambedkar to Kanshi Ram and Mayawati. But to look at Jagjivan Ram only through a caste lens would be a disservice to his memory and achievements.

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