The Annexation of Goa – Rule of Law Institute of Australia

Annexation of Goa

Goa was a process in which the Republic of India started the “Indian Armed Forces” by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961 in the Indian territory of Goa, Daman, and Diu.

Goa was a process in which the Republic of India started the “Indian Armed Forces” by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961 in the Indian territory of Goa, Daman, and Diu.

Based on this approach, this verb is known as “the freedom of Goa” or “an invasion of Goa”. After the end of the Portuguese rule in 1961, Goa was placed under military administration, led by Kunimaraman Plath Kendheth, in lieu of the lieutenant governor.

On June 8, 1962, the civil administration changed the military rule when the Lieutenant Governor nominated the informal advisory council of 29 nominated members to assist him in the administration of the region.

Operation Vijay named “Armed Action” code by Indian armed forces (meaning “victory”) was. It involved air, sea and land attack for more than 36 hours, and it was a decisive victory for India, which ended 451 years of rule by Portugal on its remaining parts in India.

The engagement lasted two days, and twenty-two Indians and thirty Portuguese were killed in Portuguese.

The brief struggle draws a mix of worldwide praise and condemnation. In India, the action was historically seen as the liberation of the Indian territory, while Portugal saw it as an aggression against the national soil and its citizens.

Goa Independence Day

The Independence Day of Goa is celebrated every year on December 19. On December 19, 1961, Goa was liberated from Portuguese rule after an extended independence movement and operation of the army.

It was granted nationalism in 1987 and thus became one of India’s richest and top per capita income states.

Fight For Freedom – Operation Victory

Liberation Goa was a historic event in Goa. The liberation of Goa led the Indian Army to its independence from the Portuguese rule.

This is known as a historic event, because it ended for a long time, which was ultimately unreasonable and unwanted. Post-British Left India, Goa has been a part of India under foreign rule. Despite the frequent requests of Portuguese India, it was not ready to free Goa.

The fight for Goa’s independence was double – inside Goa and outside of Goa – which was done by the Indian government. At the end of 1961, variously failed negotiations, the Indian government deployed the Armed Forces.

But, there were some issues because it was believed that there are supersonic interceptors in Portuguese. The lack of power of his air force also became scary. Consequently, the IAF was advised to strengthen the ground force.

After all, on the words of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, the army conquered Goa on December 17, 1961. With the IAF and the army on December 17, 1961, 30,000 Indian Army soldiers prepared 3,000 members and the Portuguese Navy After that there was some more armed work.

The rest of Daman and Diu’s Portuguese colonies also got more power. The full construction of the Portuguese colonies shaped the “Union territory of Goa, Daman, and Diu”. Total Army Campaign – “Operation Victory” was done almost without any violence.

Finally, Portuguese Governor-General Vasalo da Silva freed Goa on 18 December. After three days of operation, Goa on December 19, 1961, finally became part of India.

how is it celebrated?

In Goa, the day is celebrated with so many festivals. The celebration shows the parade of a torch organized from three diverse places of Goa.

Finally, three parades are assembled in Azad Maidan. At this place, members of the parade give their respect to freedom fighters. Cultural programs like soft music also make this occasion happy.

On this day in 1961, how India freed Goa from 450 years old Portuguese rule

If you have gone to Goa, then whatever you want, you will feel free and open. But, did you know that one of the most favorite tourist destinations in India was ruled by cruel Portuguese colonists?

While on 15th August 1947, the rest of India got independence at Goa and some other places, still under the imperial rule of the European people, and waited 14 years for the liberation of the Portuguese and their colonial masters. Were.

Unlike the Indian freedom struggle against the British, in which many heroes rose and stood against the British rule, the Goen Freedom Struggle was very brief and it was one of the armed gorillas, satyagrahis, journalists, film artists, and many other collective efforts. With the help of Operation Vijay, the Indian army got its independence on December 19, 1961.

Portuguese rule

Portuguese were the first European who landed in India and captured Indian territories. Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama visited India in 1498 and 1510, the present time Goa was under the Portuguese grip and it remained till 1961, which meant that Goa would be occupied for a longer period than any other part of India. having had.

Even the French had abandoned the claim on Puducherry in 1954 and it was included in India. But the Portuguese continued to violate the requests of India and claimed and ruled Goa.

Nearly 400 years of slavery changed Goa in many ways because it loses its traditional values and religions. Most Hindus were converted to Goa Catholic and Konkani language was also suppressed.

Hinduism was exempted from land charges for a long time to deliberately change over to Christianity. Individuals were denied the privilege to discourse, get together and press.

Thus the fight for independence started

While the rest of India fought for their independence, Goa remained largely silent. The struggle for independence was seen in 1946 when Socialist leader Ram Manohar Lohia visited Goa Academy and author Dr. Julia Menezes for a medical examination in Goa where Menezes invited Lohia to his home in Asolna, Goa. Done

1961: Goa officially became part of India

Independence Freedom by Freedom: Portuguese Soldiers Copyright Writer. Even after independence, the pockets of the country were subject to foreign rule.

The French left Pondicherry but Portugal continued to challenge India’s claim on the coastal enclave of Goa. International opinion failed to persuade Pothe Portuguese government to change its stance.

After the incident of firing by Portuguese soldiers on Indian steamers and fishing boats, India forced the region to free the region and send it to the army.

Within three days, without much resistance to small Portuguese force, India freed Goa. On December 19, 1961, Goa officially became part of India and two years later, its first general election was held.

The story of Goa’s freedom, a forgotten battle of independence

Even after independence, Portugal continued to challenge India’s claim on the coastal enclave of Goa.

While India attained independence from the British Raj on 15th August 1947, Goa was still engaged in the four and a half centuries of Portuguese rule. Portuguese was the first person to settle some parts of India and the last to leave was the last.

Goa was freed from the Portuguese rule on December 19, 1961. Armed guerrillas, satyagraha as journalists and even great film stars fought for the freedom of Goa.

By 1540, along with the persecution of Hindus and Goa Catholics, the most dangerous period of investigation began with suppression of Konkani language. They destroyed Hindu temples and banned Hindu wedding rituals.

Hinduism was exempted from land charges for a long time for intentional transformation to Christianity. Individuals were denied the privilege of discourse, gathering, and press.
Started fighting for independence

June 18, 1946, was the beginning of the end of Portuguese rule in India.

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia visited Goa academic and writer Dr. Julia Menezes for medical examination in Bombay, where Menezes invited Lohia to his house

Asolna, Goa While accepting the invitation, Lohia reached Goa and stayed at the residence of Menezes, where two officers discussed the situation prevailing during that period in Goa and decided to dismiss the ban on public meetings imposed by the Portuguese government. This was the first civil disobedience movement against the 435-year-old Portuguese rule.

While Lohia was arrested and the movement was canceled, it inspired Gonce. People started meeting, arranging and making strategies. It made a lasting impact on the minds of many young people like Prabhakar Vitthal Sinari, who was only 13 years old during the agitation.

Along with the revolutionaries, a wrestler from Pune, Nana Kazerkar, Sudhir Phadke, a music director and nationalist of Bombay and many others. He collaborated with the Azad Gomantak Dal (AGD) to form a grand alliance called the United Front’s Liberation.

Famous playback singer Lata Mangeshkar also contributed in this fight for independence. He performed in a concert in Pune to help fund the money to buy arms to free Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli from Portuguese rule.
The day of independence

Initially, the involvement of the young Indian government was very little. As Portugal was part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Indian government was not ready to fight with NATO.

However, in 1961, in the Africa-Asian Conference in Delhi, the hypocritical attitude of India was questioned on Goa. In November 1961, the Portuguese fired India by firing Indian steamers and fishing boats killed a fisherman and tried to drag villagers and make them hostage.

The then-Defense Minister Krishna Menon used to win Jawaharlal Nehru that it was time to use this force. With the support of full air and navy, 30,000 Indian soldiers were sent to fight, and in less than 48 hours, Goa was freed from Portuguese rule.

Pounce investment and repatriation

After surrendering, the Portuguese soldiers were trained in the harsh conditions of the Indian Army in their military camps in Navalim, Aguada, Panda, and Alperquiros, which included gold on cement floors and hard manual labor.

By January 1962, most of the PUs had been shifted to the newly established campus in Panda where the conditions were much better.

The Portuguese non-warriors present on the surrender – including Mrs. Vaslo E Silva, wife of the Portuguese governor general of Goa – they were taken to Bombay by December 29, from where they were sent back to Portugal.

However, Manuel Vaslo E Silva remained in PO with the help of approximately 3,300 Portuguese fighters in Goa.

Air Marshal S. Raghavendran, who met some captured Portuguese soldiers, wrote in his memoirs many years later, “I have never seen a set of soldiers who look so sad in my life. Small, especially well Made from and certainly not very informal. “

In one incident, on March 19, 1962, some prisoners heard by Lieutenant Francisco Cabral Couto (now Retired General) tried to avoid Ponda camp in the garbage truck.

The effort had failed, and the Portuguese officials who were fleeing with court-martial and execution by Indian authorities had been threatened. This situation was denied by intervention at the time of Jesuit military chapel Ferreira da Silva.

After an attempt to avoid foil, Captain Carlos Azredo (now retired general) was beaten by rifle butt by other Indian soldiers, while on the order of the second camp commander Captain Nayak, he was pointing to a gun.

Azhardo’s captain Nayak was defeated to say “to go to hell”, and it was quite serious to lose consciousness and create serious illusions. Captain Nayak was later punished for violating the Geneva Convention by the Indian Army.

Amid the preparation of the Portuguese’s bread in different camps around Goa, detainees were visited by a substantial number of individuals – depicted by Capt Azardo as “Goa companion, associate, or just obscure individual” – who have Cigarettes, rolls, tea, drugs, and cash.

It surprised the Indian military officers, who limited the visit twice a week for the first time, and then only for representatives of the Red Cross.

Capture’s death lasted for six months “Thanks to the stupid stubbornness of Lisbon” (according to Captain Carlos Azzaro).

The Portuguese government insisted that the PO will be sent back by the Portuguese aircraft – a demand which was rejected by the Indian government, who, in return, stressed the aircraft from a neutral country.

The talks were further delayed when Salazar ordered 1200 Indians to be detained in Mozambique, allegedly as a bargaining chip in exchange for a Portuguese paw.

By May 1962, most of the POU was shipped back – for the first time in Chartered French plane after flying in Karachi, Pakistan, and then by three ships sent to Lisbon: Vera Cruz, Patria and Mokambic.

Upon arrival in Tezo in Portugal, on returning to the soldiers of the Portuguese, the military police had taken them to the gun point, which they had come to receive.

After intense inquiries and inquiries, officials were accused that they were refused to follow the instructions to surrender to the Indians. On March 22, 1963, the Governor General, the Military Commander, his Chief Staff, the captain of a Navy,

the six Chief, a Deputy Lieutenant and a Sergeant, the Council of Ministers cached for the timid and expelled from the military service. Four captains, four lieutenants and one lieutenant commander were suspended for six months.

There was a hostile reception when the former Governor Manuel Antonio Vaslo E Silva returned to Portugal.

Later, he was court-martial for failing to comply with orders, expelled from the army and sent to exile. He returned to Portugal only after the fall of the regime in 1974, and he was given back his military status. He was later able to make a state tour of Goa, where he was warmly welcomed.

 

But the 1961 Afro-Asian Conference changed the idea of India

In 1961, the Africa-Asian Conference in Delhi raised the question of India’s stand on Goa. India was the most powerful country in Asia and Africa to lead the third group of new nations, and therefore the time needed to work against the Portuguese became the need, if they shout.

Thus, Operation Victory

India asked Portuguese to evacuate Goa, but Portuguese fired India by firing on Indian fishermen and fishing boats and killing a fisherman. The Portuguese Navy also tried to take villagers from Indian hostages in hostages.

Now India decided to use force and the government ordered it under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru and 30,000 Indian soldiers started aggressively with the full air and navy support, and within 48 hours, almost 450-year-old rulers of Goa left Gaya and Goa were released.

Goa Liberation Day

Goa Liberation Day is very important in the history of Goa. It shows the day when Goa was freed from Portuguese domination by the Indian Navy.

Liberation helped Goa’s people to relieve themselves from the exploitation rules of the Portuguese. After the British left India, Mukti fulfilled India’s independence, Goa was the only part which was under British rule.

The day is celebrated with a lot of fans in Goa. There is a torchlight procession in the festival which comes out of three different places of Goa.

Ultimately, there are three processes in Azad Maidan. At this place, participants of the procession paid homage to the martyrs. In order to celebrate the day, cultural programs like soft music are also organized.

 

Goa Liberation Day: What you should know about Operation Vijay

There is no more freedom than being in Goa. By lying on the beach with water comfortably, there is something about the beaches of Goa which makes you feel the feeling of happiness. But before that, Goa is today before becoming a land of freedom, the coastal state was not even under Indian control.

Even the British left the country in 1947, Goa was under the control of Portuguese, who, despite many requests from India, refused to leave control of the state.

The struggle to free Goa was twice as many as possible with the help of Government of India from within and beyond Goa. After several attempts at peaceful negotiations, the Government of India decided to deploy the Armed Forces.

However, it was believed that Portuguese had supersonic interceptors that would destroy the power of the attack. Therefore, the Indian Air Force was asked to strengthen the strength of the attack by the Indian Army and Navy.

Operation Vijay began on December 17, 1961, when the then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru ordered the invasion. With the strength of about 30,000, the Indian attack spoiled the 3,000-member army prepared.

With minimal bloodshed, the attack was successful and further extended to retrieve other Portuguese controlled areas, Daman and Diu. At this point on December 18, the Portuguese Governor General Wasolo da Silva left control of Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu. Three days after the attack, Goa finally became part of India.

People of Goa celebrate this important day very enthusiastically. The torchlight procession is closed from three different places coming together in Azad Maidan, where people offer tributes to martyrs who lost their lives while fighting for the liberation of the state.

Post it, ceremonies are closed with cultural programs throughout the state. From traditional dance till the fair by the school girls, the festival does not end till evening evening

If you were wondering why December was such a busy month in Goa, then Sunburn is not the only answer!

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